The Shenzhen Metro is the subway or underground system for the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong province, China. The system opened on 28 December 2004, making Shenzhen the sixth city in mainland China to have a subway after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Wuhan.
The Shenzhen Metro currently has 5 lines, 137 stations, and 178.44 km (110.87 miles) of total trackage in operation. The network underwent rapid expansion prior to the 2011 Summer Universiade, opening 110 km (68.35 miles) of tracks in June 2011. Currently, there are three lines under construction.
Line1: Luobao Line runs 41.04 km from Luohu to Airport East with 30 stations
Line 2: Shekou Line runs 35.78 km from Chiwan to Xinxiu with 29 stations
Line 3: Longgang Line runs 41.66 km from Yitian to Shuanglong with 30 stations
Line 4: Longhua Line runs 19.96 km from Futian Checkpoint to Qinghu with 15 stations
Line 5: Huanzhong Line runs 40.00km from Qianhaiwan to Huangbeiling with 27 stations
Map of Shenzhen Metro Lines (Click to enlarge)
Fares and tickets
Metro rides are priced according to distance travelled, and varies from Y2 to 7. Children under the height of 120 cm or aged below 6 may ride for free when accompanied by an adult. The metro also offers free rides to senior citizens over the age of 65, physically disabled and military personnel. Children between 120 cm and 150 cm or aged between 6 and 14 years can enjoy half price, as well as middle school students.
Metro fares can be paid for with single-ride tokens, multiple-ride Shenzhen Metro TransCards or weekly passes.
Starting December 2010 a new Metro fare system will be implemented, based on an a usage fee (2RMB) + a distance fee. The distance fee is 1RMB for each 4KM from 4KM to 12KM; after that 1RMB for each 6KM from 12KM to 24KM and finally 1RMB for every 8KM over 24KM distance.
TokenCash fares range from 2 to over 11 Renminbi, depending on the distance to be traveled, and can be purchased at ticket machines or at the information counter. When using cash fare, a green RFID token is purchased and used to record the station entrance information. To exit the station, one needs only to deposit the token in the slot at the station exit gate. The maximum fare will be charged if the passenger is unable to return the token.
Shenzhen Tong cards
Shenzhen Tong is similar to the Octopus card system used on the MTR rail lines in Hong Kong. The multiple fare card stores credit purchased at stations. It is easy to use; simply wave it in front of the card reader located at all entrances and exits to the subway system. Riders who pay for metro fare with the transcard receive a 5% discount. Beginning 1 March 2008, riders who pay for a bus fare with the transcard and then a subway fare within 90 minutes receive an additional 40% discount on the subway fare.
Unlike Hong Kong Octopus Cards, Shenzhen Tong cards cannot be sold back to the stations or have faults dealt with by SZMC. Instead, the customer must go to the offices of Shenzhen Tong. Students studying in Shenzhen can use the Shenzhen Tong to receive a 50% discount.
Integration of Shenzhen Tong and Hong Kong Octopus Cards
After the completion of five Metro Phase II lines by 30 June 2011, users will be able to reciprocally use their Transcards in both Hong Kong and Shenzhen for bus and train commuter travel. Continuing research is taking place on the "merging" and "convertibility" of the two systems card. Fluctuations in the HK Dollar with the Chinese RMB are the main issues to be resolved before the final plan is introduced formally. By 2013 plans call for a new card which will be accepted all over Guangdong province and China's two SARs.
Station facilities, amenities and services
Stations have toilets (free of charge), and public telephones (although at some stations, these have not yet been connected). SZMC also operates luggage storage facilities in the concourse above Luohu Station. Cellphone service is available throughout the system provided by China Mobile, China Telecom, and China Unicom.
Like the Hong Kong MTR, Guangzhou, and Foshan metros, station announcements are in Mandarin, Cantonese and English. Though some announcements, such as train arrival, are in Mandarin and English only.
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